Psoriasis or lichen scaly is a chronic infection that manifests itself as a reddish, scaly rash on the skin, accompanied by itching and irritation. There can be several causes of psoriasis. In case of damage, the division of skin cells occurs thirty times faster than normal, which causes discomfort and the appearance of scales. This also damages the immune system, which works against its own cells, causing chronic inflammation.
Symptoms and causes
A common symptom of the disease is changes in the skin folds in the joints and scalp. The spots that appear have grayish or white scales that can be easily removed. The progressive stage is characterized by the appearance of spots in places subject to mechanical stress - friction and the like. In addition to the skin, the lesion often affects the hair, internal organs, nails and joints.
The most common reasons are:
- Immune system dysfunction.T cells are cells of the immune system that normally defend the body against viruses and bacteria. In people with psoriasis, by mistake, T cells attack healthy cells in the skin. This immune response causes the body to malfunction, including widening blood vessels and an increase in white blood cells, which stimulate the skin to produce new cells faster than the skin regenerates. The accumulation of new cells on the surface of the skin leads to the development of thick, itchy patches.
- Heredity.Research has shown that if a parent has lichen scaly, there is a 15 percent chance of a child developing it. If both parents are affected, then the chance of development is 75 percent.
- Failure of the endocrine system.The endocrine system is a network of hormone-secreting glands that help control many important bodily functions. Failure of one of these glands can cause an ailment.
- Any infection can cause psoriasis because it puts a strain on the immune system, causing an inflammatory response. However, flare-ups of lichen scaly may occur after a respiratory or skin infection. These types of infections can usually be prevented with proper personal hygiene. Make sure you wash your hands often enough throughout the day. You should also avoid sharing cups and cutlery with other people. It is important to properly disinfect wounds or cuts, and be sure to ensure that no infection gets there.
- Skin trauma, burns, scratches can cause infection in some people. You should always take extra precautions when performing actions that could lead to injury. Use sunscreen or wear a hat when it's sunny outside. Care should also be taken when participating in outdoor activities.
- While stress has a negative effect on someone, it is especially problematic for people with psoriasis. The body tends to have an inflammatory response to stress. You should try to reduce the amount of stress in your life.
- If you are obese or overweight, this will only make your condition worse. Therefore, it is important to keep track of your weight by following a healthy diet on a regular basis. If you are having trouble eating well, you should see a dietitian for help. It can help you figure out what foods and how much you should eat throughout the day.
Scaly lichen affects about 3% of people worldwide. Research shows a significant increase in outbreaks over the past 30 years.
Psoriasis affects both men and women equally. The disease can begin at any age, but most often occurs between the ages of 15 to 35, and 50 to 60 years. The average age is 28.
The disease usually starts or gets worse due to certain factors that should be avoided whenever possible.
Reasons that cause or exacerbate lichen scaly include:
- Hypothermia can be one of the reasons for the development of the disease or its exacerbation.
- Alcohol consumption is also a provocative factor that causes generalization of the inflammatory process, shortens the period of remission and increases the risk of complications.
- Tobacco smoking not only increases the risk of illness, but can also increase the severity of the illness. Smoking also plays a role in the initial development of lichen scaly.
- Having another autoimmune disorder, such as AIDS or rheumatoid arthritis.
- Infections that cause a weakened immune system such as sore throats, tonsillitis, pharyngitis.
- Excessive stress, tension and anxiety.
- Certain medicines such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), beta-blockers, and medicines containing lithium.
Unfortunately, modern medicine cannot guarantee a complete cure for the disease, but the condition can be alleviated with the help of therapy, which, with an integrated approach, will reduce the manifestations of the disease to a minimum. Most often, preparations containing vitamin D, tar and activated zinc are prescribed for external use. For oral administration, drugs are created with cytostatics, corticosteroids and immunomodulators designed to regulate cell division in the affected areas, control metabolism and restore immune responses in the body.
It is difficult for people with psoriasis to accept their diagnosis, which is why a person experiences severe discomfort when communicating with others, problems with social adaptation, difficulties at work and family life. It is important to prevent social withdrawal and depression, which can lead to the occurrence of psychological deviations and suicidal thoughts. It is important to support the patient and, if necessary, refer to a psychotherapist for consultation.
Psoriasis in children
Scaly lichen in children is quite common, in particular under the age of one year. The disease usually progresses during the winter season. Girls are more likely to get sick.
Children's psoriasis differs from that of an adult. In children, the number of proteins in the blood increases and the amount of heparin decreases. The disease is inherited and genetic. However, the disease, despite a long study, remains unknown. In addition to inheritance, the disease arises from a weak immune system, from the flu and various skin diseases. The reason may be a stressful situation.
The main symptoms of the disease are cracks in the legs and palms. The appearance of subungual hyperkeratosis is possible. The lymph nodes become inflamed and sore.
The treatment includes various ointments and sunbathing. With congenital ichthyosis, most of the skin is affected.
With Leiner's erythroderma, anemia, sepsis, pneumonia appear. This form is typical for newborn babies. After a couple of months, the baby is back to normal.
In children over 8 years old, the disease is less common. It is advisable to carry out timely prevention of the disease with folk remedies.
Psoriasis on the head is doubly unpleasant, as it can spoil the beauty of hair and any hairstyle. This type of disease is characterized by increased dryness of the head and significant keratinization of the skin. The scalp becomes covered with dry sores that flake off, the blisters on the body itch like bites. Hair loss and profuse dandruff begin, which is different from the usual seborrhea.
In order to get rid of scaly scalp, it is important to know the cause of its appearance and act on it first of all. Before starting treatment, it is necessary to undergo an examination and identify the main problem that causes external changes. For the treatment and prevention of scaly lichen, it is necessary to adjust the diet, change taste preferences, use medicinal ointments and creams, shampoos, lotions, take baths with herbs. Treatment at home is better to take courses and take a break for a month. The simultaneous use of various medicinal ointments is not recommended.
Prevention and treatment of scalp
Use lavender, chamomile, bergamot, geranium essential oils to rub into the hair roots.
Mix one teaspoon of butter (melted) with half a teaspoon of mustard and five tablespoons of St. John's wort. Stir the mixture well and apply to the scalp with a cotton pad. Apply the mask for a few minutes and rinse. Then apply a nourishing cream. The procedure should be performed once a week.
Solid oil mask
Take petroleum jelly or grease 500 grams, mix it with two fresh chicken proteins. Add one and a half tablespoons of chopped and sifted celandine herb to the mass and mix again. Perform the procedure for four months.
Traditional methods of treating diseases on the hands and feet
Lubricate the affected areas with sea buckthorn oil, which should also be taken orally every day - a teaspoon at a time.
Juice 300 grams of fresh celandine. This is best done after passing the herb through a meat grinder and adding wine. With a cotton swab dipped in the prepared product, gently wipe the affected areas. Wash off after 15 minutes with clean water.
The procedure is performed once a week. Mix half a teaspoon of dry mustard with warm St. John's wort broth (5 tbsp. L. ), Pour in one teaspoon of melted butter. Apply the resulting product to the damaged body with a cotton swab. After a few minutes, wash off with cold running water. Lubricate areas with moisturizer.
Dagtem is carefully spread over raised, inflamed areas. After one hour, wash off. To achieve the result, you need to carry out at least fifteen procedures.
Mix fresh egg white with 250 grams of grease (you can take light petroleum jelly) and one tablespoon of linden honey and finely ground celandine. The therapy lasts from one to four months.
Eggs are excluded from the diet during this period. Preference should be given to boiled meat, dairy products, vegetables and fruits. Scaly lichen requires long-term treatment, in combination with other drugs. Carried out, it must then be supervised by an experienced specialist. In the course of therapy, dietary food will be prescribed, fatty and spicy foods, alcoholic beverages are removed from food.